Johan Sebastian Bach, composer, violinist and keyboard virtuoso, was born on March 21, 1685 in Eisenach, Germany and died on July 28, 1750 in Leipzig, Germany. Today, he is probably the most famous composer of the Baroque Period in music (1600-1750) and definitely represents the culmination of Baroque style.
One of the main
differences between Baroque style and that of the Classical Period
(1750-1825) which followed, was the use of counterpoint - literally note
(i.e., point) against (counter) note (point). With 21st Century
ears, we tend to hear music as a single melody, usually, the highest
part, with (harmonic) accompaniment; however, much of his music
consists of several melodies, all of equal importance, being played
Bach is best known for his composition for keyboard, especially organ, and, because he was employed as a church musician, his religious works: the Mass in B Minor and Saint Matthew Passion are perennial favorites at Christmas and Easter, respectively.
Bach composed for the Flute over a period of about twenty years, beginning with the Sonata in A Minor (BWV 1013) for unaccompanied Flute - BWV stands for Bach Werke Verzeichnis - Bach works catalog). This sonata was written while Bach was the conductor of the court orchestra in Cöthen, between 1717 and 1723, for the French flautist Pierre-Gabriel Buffardin (1690-1768), who Bach had met at the Dresden court in 1717; Sonata No. 1 in B Minor (BWV 1030) was also probably written for Buffardin.
One of the two surviving manuscript copies of Sonata No. 2 in Eb Major (BWV 1031) was copied by Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788) - Bach’s second oldest son, also a composer, who himself wrote many works for the Flute; this has caused much debate about the authenticity of this sonata and, for the same reason, Sonata No. 4 in C Major (BWV 1033), now believed to have been originally composed for unaccompanied Flute by J. S. Bach with a figured bass line added later by C. P. E. Bach. Were these works by Johan Sebastian or Carl Philipp Emanuel? Either way, they are Bach Flute Sonatas!
Bach's Violin Concertos (BWV 1041 in A Minor, BWV1042 in E Major and BWV1043, the Double Violin Concerto in D Minor) were written while he was the conductor of the court orchestra in Cöthen, between 1717 and 1723.
In this arrangement of the Double Concerto BWV1043, the Flute plays the 1st Violin part and the Bb Clarinet plays 2nd Violin.
The only real departure from the original Solo parts occurs in the 3rd Movement in the two sections of double stops (where the Solo Violins play two notes at the same time) which have been replaced by a more typical woodwind figure.
CD - 12 smp files:
- 1st Movement (4/4, Vivace, quarter = 86);
- 2nd Movement (12/8, Largo ma non tanto, eighth = 102);
- 3rd Movement (4/4, Allegro, quarter = 84);
- Complete (All three movements)
- Three versions of each of the above:
- FC - Display & Solo (audio) is both parts
- Fl - Display & Solo (audio) is Solo Flute
- Cl - Display & Solo (audio) is Solo Clarinet
This deluxe edition - $19.95 - includes:
Solo Flute - 9”X12” - 12 pages
Solo Bb Clarinet - 9”X12” - 12 pages
Please note that this is NOT an AUDIO CD
and an active SmartMusic subscription is needed to play smp files