Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , composer, violinist and piano virtuoso, was born on January 26,1756 in Salzburg, Austria and died on December 5, 1791 in Vienna, Austria. Mozart’s works are identified by Köchel numbers (pronounced “Kershel”), named for the Austrian musicologist Ludwig Kochel who, in 1862, published a numerical list of Mozart’s works in the order in which they had been written ‑ i.e., K. 1 was the first piece Mozart wrote and K. 626, the last.
The exact background of Gran Partita K. 361 (partita at that time meant “open-air music”) - when it was written and for what occasion - is unknown. It was probably started in Munich in 1781 and completed in Vienna in 1782 and believed to have been performed at Mozart’s own wedding on August 4, 1782.
The only documented performance (of 4 movements) was at a benefit concert in Vienna on March 23, 1784 by Anton Stadler (1755-1802), the clarinetist for whom Mozart composed his Trio, K. 498 (for clarinet, viola & piano), Clarinet Quintet, K. 581 and Clarinet Concerto, K. 622.
K. 361 uses the largest number of instruments (13) of all of Mozart’s Wind Serenades: 2 Oboes, 2 Clarinets, 2 Basset Horns, 2 Bassoons, 4 Horns and String Bass. His later Wind Serenades (written in Vienna - K. 375 & 388) use 8 instruments (2 Ob, 2 Cl, 2 Bn & 2 Hn) and the earlier (written in Salzburg - K. 213, 240, 252, 253, 270 & 289) use 6 instruments (2 Ob, 2 Bn & 2 Hn).
Mozart also used the 6th Movement Theme and Variations (without Variation 3) as the 2nd Movement of the Flute Quartet in C major (K. 285b, for Flute and Strings).
There are 3 versions of the smp files for each of the seven movements:
(1) cl1 (in which the 1st Clarinet is displayed and heard as the “Solo” instrument)
(2) cls (in which both the 1st & 2nd Clarinet parts are displayed and heard as the “Solo” instrument)
(3) - (an ensemble smp file - no part is displayed but any part can be played or muted in “Instrumentation”)
Solo Clarinet part - 9”X12” - 20 pages - $14.95
with CD - 21 smp files:
- 1st Movement (4/4, Largo, eighth = 138; Allegro molto, quarter = 160);
- 2nd Movement (3/4, Minuet & 2 Trios, quarter = 120);
- 3rd Movement (4/4, Adagio, quarter = 72);
- 4th Movement (3/4, Minuet & 2 Trios, quarter = 132);
- 5th Movement (3/4, Romance, quarter = 60; 2/4, Allegretto, quarter = 96);
- 6th Movement (2/4, Andantino con Variazioni, quarter = 56, Vari 5, Adagio, eighth = 56; Vari 6, 3/4, Allegro, dotted half = 56);
- 7th Movement (2/4, Allegro molto, quarter = 120);
Please note that this is NOT an AUDIO CD
and an active SmartMusic subscription is needed to play smp files