The New World Symphony, more correctly, Symphony No. 9 in E Minor, Opus 95 - From The New World, was composed in 1893 by Antonin Dvorak while he was director of the National Conservatory of America in New York city. It had been commissioned by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra and premiered at Carnegie Hall on December 16, 1893 with Anton Seidl conducting. Pyotr Il’yich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) had conducted at the grand opening of Carnegie Hall two years earlier in May 1891.
Dvorak became director of the National Conservatory of America in New York city in 1892 when wealthy arts patron Jeannette Meyers Thurber (1850-1946), who had founded the conservatory in 1885, made him an offer he couldn’t refuse, in this case, $15,000 as annual salary (about 25 times his normal income). He remained as director until 1895 but deeply missed his homeland of Czechoslovakia to which he returned.
Antonin Dvorak, violist and composer, was born on September 8, 1841 in Nelahozeves, Czechoslovakia and died on May 1, 1904 in Prague. He is one of the most important Bohemian composer of the Romantic Period in Music (1825-1900). As principle Violist with the Provisional Theatre Orchestra of Bohemia (1862-1871), Dvorak played under many conductors including Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884), principle conductor from 1866, and Richard Wagner (1813-1883) in February, 1863.
In 1877, Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) suggested that his publisher Fritz Simrock (1837-1901) publish Dvorak’s music. Simrock commissioned Slavonic Dances (Op. 46), completed in 1878, originally for Piano “Four Hands” (i.e., two players), then orchestrated for full orchestra. In 1886, at Simrock’s continued urging, Dvorak composed a second set of 8 dances: Slavonic Dances (Op. 72).
Dvorak composed a very wide variety of music for almost every medium including 9 Symphonies, numerous Concertos (Piano, Violin, Cello), more than a dozen Operas, and a vast amount of Chamber and Choral music but without doubt his most famous work is New World Symphony.
This arrangement features the Solo Flute, Clarinet or Alto Saxophone playing the melody along with the original orchestration.
There have been two changes from Dvorak’s original score:
(1) in the first 23 measures of the 1st Movement (the Adagio Introduction), Dvorak’s original meter of 4/8 has been changed to 4/4 and all note values have been doubled, to avoid the use of 64th notes.
(2) the entire 2nd Movement has been transposed up a full tone from Db Major/C# Minor to Eb Major/Eb Minor to avoid the abrupt changes from flats to sharps and back to flats.
The Audio CD contains 8 standard Audio tracks; two versions of each of the four movement: one with the complete orchestration and one with the melody removed (i.e., only the background or accompaniment). In addition, there are 4 SmartMusic® smp Files* which allow the player to change tempo, record the performance and much, much more.
*an active SmartMusic® subscription is needed to play smp files
Duet Book (displaying both the Solo and Duet parts)
for 2 Clarinets, 2 Flutes or 2 Saxophones
- 9”X12” - 36 pages - $19.95
compatible with: any of the Solo Books and any of the Duet Books
Piano Accompaniment Book with Audio CD ($14.95) also available.
Clarinet Solo Book (9”X12” - 20 pages) & CD - $19.95
Flute Solo Book (9”X12” - 20 pages) & CD - $19.95
Alto Saxophone Solo Book (9”X12” - 20 pages) & CD - $19.95