First Suite in E Flat was one of the first original
compositions for band. The repertoire at that time consisted of popular
pieces and orchestral transcriptions. To distinguish it from a Brass band, the designation Military
band was used (i.e., in addition to brass instruments, woodwind and
percussion instruments were employed) - what would today be referred to
as a Concert or Symphonic Band.
Gustav Holst, composer, pianist and trombonist, was born on September 21, 1874 in Cheltenham, England and died on may 25, 1934 in London, England. Although his most famous work is The Planets, Op. 32 (1914-6), Holst composed a wide variety of works: more than 10 operas - 4 published: Savitri (Op. 25, 1908), The Perfect Fool (Op. 39, 1918-22), At The Boar’s Head (Op. 42, 1924) and The Wandering Scholar (Op. 50, 1929-30); several works for chorus and orchestra, including Hymn To Jesus (Op. 37, 1917) and Choral Symphony (Op. 41, 1923-4); many orchestral works, including A Somerset Rhapsody (Op. 21, No. 2, 1906-7), St. Paul’s Suite (Op. 29, No. 2, 1912-3), Egdon Heath (Op. 47, 1927), Double Violin Concerto (Op. 49, 1929) and Brook Green Suite (1933); a very large number of choral works; and, of course, works for band, including 1st Suite for Military Band (Op. 28, No. 1, 1909), 2nd Suite for Military Band (Op. 28, No. 2, 1911), A Mooreside Suite (for brass band, 1928) and Hammersmith (Op. 52, for military band, 1930).
In 1909, when the First Suite in E Flat was composed, there was no standard instrumentation for a Concert Band,
so Holst scored the work for 19 instruments with 17 additional “ad
lib.” parts (meaning, the piece could be performed without them) but
even the original 19 included some instruments which are now obsolete
(Db Flute & Piccolo and Bombardons - an early type of tuba).
It is in three movements:
The 1st Movement Chaconne, closely related to the passacaglia, is a continuous variation, usually in triple meter. The 14 note theme played by Euphonium and Tuba at the beginning is the melodic source for the entire work. This theme is repeated 16 times: 6th time as “hits” in the brass; 9th time as an Alto Sax solo; 10th & 11th times inverted (starting on the same note but going down one note, rather that up, etc.).
The 2nd Movement Intermezzo (an Intermezzo usually comes between the opening and closing, as does this one). The first 3 notes of the theme from the Chaconne are the source for both the first and the second themes; both themes are combined in the last 18 bars.
The 3rd Movement March also uses the first 3 notes of the theme from the Chaconne as the source for both the first theme (the inversion for the March) in the brass and for the second theme (the Trio) in the woodwinds; with the two themes later being combined for 30 bars with the brass playing the woodwinds’ theme and the woodwinds playing the brass’ theme - the opening notes of the first theme of the Intermezzo also appear intermittently.
In this arrangement as a Sonata for Flute and Piano, as much as possible of the Solo Flute band part has been retained and the part has been marked to indicate the original source (Woodwinds, Brass, etc.). This makes the Sonata ideal for any flutist who is studying or performing the First Suite, to better play, understand and, in general, enjoy the wonderful music of the outstanding piece!
9 Audio Tracks (32:20)
Concert Band with Solo Part
1. - Chaconne
2. - Intermezzo
3. - March (2 bar count in)
Concert Band Only (No Solo Part)
4. - Chaconne
5. - Intermezzo
6. - March (2 bar count in)
Solo & Piano (Solo - full left, Piano - full right)
7. - Chaconne
8. - Intermezzo
9. - March (2 bar count in)
8 smp files:
versions of each for Band and Flute/Piano:
1st Movement, 2nd Movement, 3rd Movement & Complete (All 3 movements)
*please note that an active SmartMusic subscription is needed to play smp files
This deluxe edition - $19.95 - includes:
Solo Flute part - 9”X12” - 12 pages
Piano Part - 9”X12” - 20 pages